Did you know ? Facts to consider when buying or selling property in Thailand

Here are some essential facts to consider when buying or selling property in Thailand:

Key Considerations

  1. Foreign Ownership Restrictions:
    • Foreigners generally cannot own land outright in Thailand. However, they can own condominiums and enter into certain leasehold arrangements to facilitate property ownership.
  2. Condominium Ownership:
    • Foreigners can own up to 49% of the total floor area of all units in a condominium building. This limit means there may be restrictions on the number of units available for foreign ownership in a given project.
  3. Leasehold Ownership:
    • Foreigners can acquire leasehold rights for land and property, typically for up to 30 years, with options to renew. Leasehold agreements must be registered with the Land Department to ensure legal enforceability.
  4. Title Deeds:
    • Thailand has different types of title deeds, including:
      • Chanote (Nor Sor 4): The most secure and preferred type, providing clear ownership rights.
      • Nor Sor 3 Gor and Sor Kor 1: Less secure than Chanote, requiring careful consideration and verification.
  5. Due Diligence:
    • Conduct thorough due diligence to ensure the title is clear, there are no legal issues or encumbrances, and the property complies with regulations. This step is crucial to avoid potential problems.
  6. Legal Assistance:
    • Hiring a qualified property lawyer or legal advisor familiar with Thai real estate laws is highly recommended. They can guide you through the transaction process and help protect your interests.
  7. Tax Implications:
    • Be aware of the tax implications associated with property transactions, including transfer fees, stamp duty, and withholding tax. Factor these costs into your overall budget.
  8. Market Trends:
    • Stay informed about market trends, property values, and economic factors. Local real estate agents and property consultants can provide valuable insights into current market conditions.
  9. Negotiation:
    • Negotiating the purchase or sale price is common in Thai property transactions. Be prepared to negotiate terms and conditions, considering factors like property condition, location, and market demand.
  10. Documentation:
    • Ensure all proper documentation and registration is completed to guarantee the legality and validity of the transaction. This includes drafting and signing a sale and purchase agreement, transferring ownership at the Land Department, and obtaining relevant permits and certificates.


By understanding these key points and seeking professional guidance, buyers and sellers can navigate the process of buying or selling property in Thailand with greater confidence and clarity.

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